Piers Giles
Corey Fell
Collin Brence
Jordan Holycross

Welcome to the 1920’s
Art Institute

During the 1920's, photography was recognized to be art but mostly painting and drawing was the big thing. There was many artist during the 1920's and many popular paintings and drawings.Two artist that had a huge impact in the illustration world and that was very popular was Maxfield Parrish and C. Coles Phillips. (1920's art 1) A very famous painter was Georgia O'Keeffe. A man named Edward Hopper, was famous for drawing with oil paints. Photography was recognized as art and a photographer that was well known was named, Alfred Stieglitz.( The Arts in the 1920's 1) As you can see, there is many different types of art and artists in the 1920's, and still expanding today. The 1920's art was a wonderful and colorful time period for art.

Another well known American artist is Joseph Hirsch. he painted paintings that showed how he was feeling and what he was going threw. Joseph painted this painting because, he was having social problems like poverty, the working poor, the Great Depression, racism, World war 2 and nuclear threat during the Cold War ( Judy Moore 1).

Joseph Hirsch's "Lynch Family"
Joseph Hirsch's "Lynch Family"

Tamara de Lempicka was known to be the most famous painter in the 1920’s(her work shown below). She was born in Poland to a wealthy family and moved to Russia and lived there in till her husband was arrested during the Russian Revolution. She got her husband out of prison and they both flew to Paris. Paris was when she went to school to study art. Tamara was a portrait artist(Tamara De Lempicka 1).
external image Tamara-de-Lempicka-Dormeuse-1931-1932-3469.jpg

Another field of art was African American art.
Thomas Benton was a famous artist in the 1920's.
He painted a different variety paintings such as religious art and fantasy pictures. What he painted is found on www.http://www.geocities.com/Broadway/4357/stieglitz.html. He went to the art Academy in New York and studied there for a number of years. He left and took up his career at the age of 28 and followed his dreams and painted his imagination on the page.
Other artists such as Charles Sheeler painted real life pictures. This painting is of a factory. http://www.angelfire.com/co/pscst//sheeler.html
Painting was not the only art, there was also woodwork, metalwork and glass work. These are only some of the art posted in the 1920's. Rich people had artists come and paint portraits of the rich to show off there beauty. Artists would often change the persons face to earn them money instead of Poverty. People who liked there portraits would pay through the nose. People who didn't like there portrait on the other hand would walk out on the artist and destroy any hopes of them of being rich.Metal was used to make fine jewelry for women and men. The same happened in this field also. If your sponsor liked your item you got payed, if not then you would probably lose your job and your hopes of being famous. This was typically what happened in every field of art in the 1920's. So it payed to do a good job.
Italian landscape
Italian landscape
This painting by Pablo Picasso is based on Italy. It is a unrealistic painting but that was the theme in the 20's. His paintings were astonishing to the people around and close to him. He was the great artist of the decade. There was many more yet to come. All the paintings (unless painting portraits) were unreal they could not be related to anything in real life. After he moved from Barcelona to Paris he had a blue period in which he painted all his pictures in blue. Scholars think this might be because of the suicide of his friend, Casagemas. After his "blue period" Picasso went back to painting colorful pictures once again.http://www.artchive.com/artchive/P/picasso.html This a slide show of some of the many pictures that he painted. http://www.youtube.com/results?search_type=&search_query=pablo+picasso&aq=0&oq=Pablo+P
external image a0003a00.jpg
This was also the time that African American artist was accepted. One of the artists was called William H. Johnson he went to the National Art Academy in New York. He left the academy in 1926 after this his travels put him in close contact with Vincent van Gogh and other famous artists. Harlem Rennassanece Black America The best artist of this time was known as, Aaron Douglas. His work went in books that need to be illustrated. He illustrated a number of books including, Gods Trombones, and The new Negro. African Americans." Encarta. 27 Jan 2009 http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761587467_4/african_americans.html. These illustrations and pictures were a movement for all people for of course the African American art was accepted in this time.
http://artpad.art.com/artpad/painter/ click here to try your hand at painting a picture. THE CHALLENGE IS ON.

Surrealism is a style of art and literature founded in Paris in 1924. It is dreamlike and imaginary. It also featured the element of surprise. Many artists moved to Paris to join the surrealism movement. It was more than a style of art it was a philosophy.

connections_1.jpgexternal image Salvador%2BDali%2BLe%2BSommeil%2B-%2BSleep%2B-%2BFine%2BArt%2BSurrealist%2BPainting%2BLarge%2BMousepad.jpg

This is a painting by Salvador Dali. Born on May 11, 1904, he was famous for his dreamlike paintings. He was very wealthy as a kid which helped his dream of being an artist. He grew up liking the arts and his parents set up a studio for him. He moved to Paris in the 1920's. This was painted in 1928.
He was also a sculptor, graphic artist, and designer. In 1921 he attended the Academy of Arts in Madrid. He was expelled twice. Dali is considered one of the greatest artists of the surrealist art movement. He died in 1989.
Salvador Dali was famous because of his painting such as the melting clocks portrait found on this website~ http://www.essentialart.com/mh/Salvador
watch the video below to see more art work by Salvador Dali

Rene Magritte was born in 1898. Since he was twelve he sketched and went to art classes. His mother committed suicide then. In 1924 he moved to Paris to join the surrealist movement and from then on out he stayed true to surrealism his entire career. He often painted his works again and again changing little things. He painted over a thousand arts in his 50 year career. Many of his works were of a man in a bowler hat, with something covering his face like a fruit or a bird.
He lived a very simple life with his one wife and preferred to work in his own house. His works were always surreal and dreamlike. "Magritte constantly challenged our preconceptions about reality. His works contain extraordinary juxtapositions of ordinary objects or an unusual context that gives new meaning to familiar things" (Robin Urton). Sometimes his artwork can seem very normal at first but then you see it's not, like in the Empire of Lights. It's a house with a light in the front and some trees. It seems night but the sky is blue.

external image magritte_empire_of_light.jpgrene-magritte-the-man-in-the-bowler-hat.jpg

This time period was known for its black and white photography ( such as this one below). This is a family from 1920's. this is from the website; http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com. This picture looks old enough to be 90 years old.
Photography was practiced as art was preferred by many artists because it was easy to use and required almost no skill, unlike painting.

In its early years, photography was met with debate as its validity to be art. Many argued it was all just, a simple mechanical process. The photographers said the camera captured the emotion and scene of a subject. This later provoked of what makes an art form. Eventually it had been decided art was something that provoked emotions in someone - which is why some amateur art critics consider a photo of a violent scene art.

After 1918 and the end of World War I, photography became more about taking abstractism- that is, the artists concentrated more on details that were evocative. These details could range from a picture of a depressed stock broker during the great depression or a dispute between a landlord and a tenant in an apartment (it wasn't until cameras were lighter that pictures could be taken on a whim - it would be hard to coax said stock broker to pose for a picture!).

Although it has died down as an art, many principles of what can be considered a good picture still apply: First, a subject must be in focus. Second, the subject should be zoomed in on - it should clearly visible, but not too close. Thirdly the picture should get the viewer's attention. These are only a few rules photographers follow. These principles are used today, and the third was quickly adopted into adverstising

"Limelight: Savador Dali Centenary." Intute. 11 May 2004. 16 Jan 2009 <http://www.intute.ac.uk/artsandhumanities/limelight/dali.html>

Perey, Arnold. "A New Perspective ." Wednesday, December 15, 2004 1. 25 Jan 2009 <http://perey-anthropology.blogspot.com/2004/12/photography-as-art-form.html>.

Photography." Wikipedia . 25 Jan 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photography#As_an_art_form>.

"Photography - Photography As An Art Form." 25 Jan 2009 <http://science.jrank.org/pages/5175/Photography-Photograph

Urton, Robin Surrealism. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from eyeconart Web site: http://www.eyeconart.net/history/surrealism.htm

Messinger, Lisa. Georgia O'Keeffe . 27 Jan 2009 < http://www.metmuseum.org/TOAH/hd/geok/hd_geok.htm

"African Americans." MSN Encarta . 27 Jan 2009 < http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761587467_4/African_Americans.html >.

"Charles Sheeler." Angel Fire . 27 Jan 2009 < �28�http://www.angelfire.com/co/pscst//sheeler.html >.