Artists of the Harlem Renaissance
group Alec,Justin,Amanda,Christian, Chris

Selma Burke was a sculptor during the Harlem Renaissance.

Selma Burke, a sculptor of the Harlem Renaissance in the 1920's and 30's, died on Tuesday in New Hope, Pa. She was 94. Ms. Burke came to national attention in 1945. She won the commission for it in a nationwide competition, and President Harry S. Truman spoke at the unveiling in September 1945 at the Recorder of Deeds Building in Washington. Her other work included likenesses of Booker T. Washington, the abolitionist John Brown and President Calvin Coolidge. She taught art in Pittsburgh for 17 years and operated her Selma Burke Art Center there from 1972 to 1981.


Selma Burke sculpture is in New York City. She sculpted in brass, stone and wood, and her best subject, historical figures.Selma Burke's most famous accomplishment is the portrait of Franklin Delano Roosevelt on the dime that is used today. "She was also an influential teacher and moving force in the development of black art in America."Selma Burke

Selma Burke was born in North Carolina to a farming family she demonstrated an early interest in art."Her parents insisted she study a more marketable profession, and she graduated from the St. Agnes Training School for Nurses in Raleigh in 1924. She then moved to Harlem, where she found work as a nurse." In her spare time she sculpted. . That did not take her love for art. Burke was chosen to sculpt a portrait of then-President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1943.

Marcel Mouly was born in Paris, France in 1918. He didn't start as an artist. He did odd jobs like being a beach vendor and dental technician. In his early art years he was taught by Leger. Mouly was greatly influenced by the work of Matisse and Picasso. He was arrested during WW II by the Nazis and accused of being a spy. He was imprisioned, at that time he vowed to study art faithfully. When released he studied under Picasso. Mouly is world renouned for his use of bold colors, and using Fauvist and the cubism of Picasso. Until last year he was the last living student of Picasso. Marcel Mouly died January 8, 2008

Faith Ringgold was born in Harlem and went to college at the city college of New York. She studied with Robert Gathmey and Yasuo Kuniyoshi. She received a M.A. in college in 1959. She was greatly influenced by the fabric she worked with at home with her mother, who was a fashion designer. She used fabric in many of her artworks.. She was well-known for her painted story quilts which blur the line between "high art" and "craft" by combining painting,quilted fabric, and storytelling.
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Faith Ringgold's art is a permanent collection of many museums. Ringgold has written and illustrated seventeen children s books including Tar Beach. She was very famous and her art work is in many museums mostly in New York City.

Caucasian philanthropist William E. Harmon founded the Harmon Foundationwhich recognized and assisted African American Artists. This foundation encouraged African Americans to create art reflective of their culture. To achieve this goal, the foundation sponsored traveling exhibitions displaying these artists' works (http://www.personal.psu.edu/users/m/a/mas53/timln920.html)

The Harlem Renaissance was named after the anthology The New Negro, edited by Alain Locke in 1925 or known as The New Negro Movement.[citation needed] Centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City, the movement impacted urban centers throughout the United States. Across the cultural spectrum (literature, drama, music, visual art, dance) and also in the realm of social thought (sociology, historiography, philosophy), artists and intellectuals found new ways to explore the historical experiences of black America and the contemporary experiences of black life in the urban North(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem_Renaissance).

The art movement was when African Americans combine all their trends and rise of a group of radical black intellectuals(http://www.42explore2.com/harlem.htm). The movement was know as the 'New Negro Movement'(http://www.42explore2.com/harlem.htm**).** It is called the 'New Negro Movement' because it is when African Americans moved to northern cities and painted about their culture. Their paintings were represented by a white charity called the Harmon Foundation. They held competitions for the artists which were attended by moxtly white people. Artists of the Harlem Renaissance were victims of a segregated culture. When the Foundation stopped its founding in the 1930s support for the artists disappeared. It wasn't untill the civil rights period when African American art came back in.

Jacob Lawrence was born on September 7, 1917 in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He died on June 9, 2000 at the age of 82.He was an African American painter. His style of art was dynamic cubism. His work was based on important periods in the African American history and his mother's carpets. He went to Harlem Art Workshop and was taught by his mentor. He was the most celebrated painter in the country. Eventually he was honored as a teacher, artist, and a humanitarian(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Lawrence). That is how Jacob Lawrence's style is and how he paints.Jacob Lawrence had a distinction shared with Romare Bearden. Romare Bearden was born in Charlotte, North Carolina. He studied under a German artist named George Grosz. his style was influenced by Mexican Muralists. He also had a style called cubist-inspired, they were dark lines with thin color washes. He used layers of oil paint to hid the effects. He also studied famous paintings by Europeans. He founded the 306 group which is a club for Harlem artists.
Later, he decided to focus on collages. He held a exhibition that he called Projections. When he held the projections he announced that his new style is collages. He continued to work on his colleges until he died. They are considered to be his best style.
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Jacob Lawrence Painting
Jacob Lawrence Painting



Augusta Fells Savage (1882 - 1962)
Augusta was born in Florida in 1882. She always loved art and making sculptures as a child. Her father disapproved because he thought her images went against their religion. She married James Savage and had a daughter. She went to New York for artist training. She had been turned down by a French summer art program because of her color. She brought this issue to the public and it made quite a mess. She never got the scholarship but she did get an offer to study with the famous sculptor Herman MacNeil. She became known as a portrait sculptor. Some people she sculpted were, W.E.B. DuBois, Marcus Garvey, Frederick Douglass and James Weldon Johnson.
Augusta became the director of the Harlem Community Art Center in 1937. She also helped to organize the Harlem Arts Guild. One of her best works was "The Harp," which she had based on James and J. Rosamond Johnson's song, "Lift Every Voice and Sing" (http://www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/Harlem/text/asavage.html)

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Franklin D. Roosevelt sculpture that Selma Burke sculpter

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Marcel Mouly Art

Selma burke sculpture
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WORKS CITED
"Augusta Savage" (http://www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/Harlem/text/asavage.html)

Driskell, David. Harlem Reniassance Art of Black American. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1987.


"Jacob Lawrence." <http://depts.washington.edu/uweek/archives/1998.06.JUN_25/Lawerence4.jpg>.

"Jacob Lawrence ." Wikipedia__. Wikimedia Foundation Inc.. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Lawrence>.

Lamb, Annette, Johnson, Larry . "Harlem Renaissance." June 2001-2008 1. <http://www.42explore2.com/Harlem.htm>.

''Marcel Mouly'' Wikipedia,Park West Gallery.com

''Mracel Mouly'' Art <motherscollectibles.com/images/Mouly_Lithograph.jpg>

"Romare Bearden." <http://negroartist.com/negro%20artist/romare%20bearden/images/Romare%20Bearden%209%20One%20Night%20Stand%201974_jpg.jpg>.

''Selma Burke'' ART<farm1.static.flickr.com/41/104256565_3c1b65fd05.jpg?v=0

''Selma Burke''<,www.askart.com/askart/b/selmahortense_burke/selma_hortense_burke.aspx>

''Selma Burke Art'<www.soulofamerica.com/content/images/aeaba924718ae82dda23424aa62426f7.jpg>