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--------------------------------------------------Written By: Christina DeGasperis, Juliet Balducci, Scott Byers, and Zack Biemesderfer--------------------------------------






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The 1920's, was known as the Roaring 20's or the ''Jazz Age''. It was a time of great social change. African Americans were
finally accepted into the arts. In the world of music, the best word to describe it was Jazz. However, Swing, Blues, and Big
Band were popular too. Most of the music originated in New Orleans, New York and Kansas City. From Bessie Smith to the
Jitterbug, to popular instruments and the Stock Market disaster, the 1920's is an icon to many Americans as happiness,
hope, and perseverance.


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Big Band and Swing music are not interchangeable as many people believe. Big Band is a format of music which allows many
different
styles of music to be played, one of which happens to be swing. On the other hand, Swing is a style of music which
became most popular in the Christina_connections_22.jpg1920's. Swing music is very popular to dance to because it is very upbeat and happy.




























Big Band music was said to be founded 1898 in New Orleans, Louisiana. American military bands r
eturned from the
Spanish-American War and the military sold their instruments, which flooded New Orleans with band instruments.
African-Americans bought hundreds of these band instruments, formed bands and taught themselves how to play
them. The music they played was very good because they started from scratch; improvising! They also started by
acquiring the skills to create new sounds for the trumpet and trombone. This even lead to musicians using common
household objects in their music.


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The Swing Era of music became most popular around 1925. Swing was one of the most popular dancing music based off of Big
Band. This was because it was the most fast-paced music there was. Swing was a feeling; a style of music that was not the
base. It had its own special properties, such as a faster tempo. Swing music was a democratic music that tried to calm the
racial issues of the time.

The 1920's was a very famous time of music. It is often referred to as ''The Jazz Age''. Some famous musicians like Hoagy
Carmicheal, Bix Beiderbecke,
Joe ''King'' Oliver, Coleman Hawkins, Flectcher Henderson, Duke Ellington,
and probably the most famous would be Louis
Armstrong. All these musicians are very important because the 1920's was all about music. They contributed to the jazz age.
These musicians are extremely well-known. Most people still listen to them today. Jazz originated in the New Orleans, New
York, and Kansas City.
Louis Armstrong defined what it was to play jazz (Thomas brothers). He has a huge influence on society today because he wrote
many famous songs that traveled with him. He joined many bands. A few of them were Fate Marables in St. Louis, Kid Orys,
Zutty Singletons, Papa Celestins tuxedo orchestra, and King Oliver. He traveled and played a lot in Chicago. Therefore, he was
popular in that area. In 1925 he recorded his first hot 5 records in 1925. His first band's name was Louis Armstrong and his
Stompers. He traveled to Europe dozens of times to perform.Louis knocked of the Beetles right off the charts with his song,
'' What a Wonderful World''.





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Hoagy Carmicheal
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Bix Beiderbecke
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Mamie Smith
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Louis Armstrong
Hoagy Carmicheal was famous because he knew the African Americans wanted to make a difference in the music world
[wikianswers1]. Hoagy broke the record for the most performances [The official site of Hoagy Carmicheal ]. Hoagy and Bix
Beiderbecke worked and played together. As partners, they wrote music, played, and were well-known all around New York.
There they learned to never give up. Hoagy became famous when he traveled to Hollywood. There he learned how you want more then
you really get. He was famous because of the records that he broke and all the music that he wrote. His most famous songs were
''Lazy River'' and ''Heart and Soul'' [The official site of Hoagy Carmicheal].
1917 through 1922 only white jazz musicians were allowed to record. It wasn't until 1922 that African Americans were
allowed to record in studios. Mamie Smith encouraged Okeh Records to record African Americans. Mamie Smith was the first
African American vocalist to record with a company. After the initial introduction of African American music, record companies
such as Columbia, Paramount, and Vocalin began to seek out popular African American bands (www.d.umn.edu ). To learn more
about music famous musicians in the 20's, go to this link:
http://www.angelfire.com/co/pscst/music.html




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It was a big thing for African Americans to be accepted into society and a big thing for them to be a part of ''The Jazz Age''.
It was a good thing too because most of the famous jazz musicians back than and today are African American. If it wasn't for
Mamie Smith for persuading Okeh records we would never of heard of some of the best jazz in history. The 1920s was a
huge turn around in American society, race wise and music wise.





Music was a big part of life in the 1920's, just like it is today. They used music as a way to express themselves; but unlike us,
they weren't listening to hip-hop or pop, they were into Jazz. In fact, it was such a big thing in the 20's, that it's actually
named " The Jazz Age". Some very popular instruments they used back then were the Trumpet, piano and the tuba. They could
be used for many different songs...the trumpet could be used for a celebration if it's a joyful event but it can also give a
deep, mysterious or depressing feeling.
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The trumpet was played in almost every Jazz song and that's because it could be used to express all different emotions,
such as: sorrow, joy, celebration, mystery, loneliness, depressing, and so on. Trumpets are one of the oldest instruments in
music. They date back to at least 1500 BC.
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Tubas were used basically the same as the trumpet but just a little bit different of a sound. Tubas are the largest and most
low- pitched bass instrument.The piano was used less often compared to the trumpet and tuba but was still used a lot. The
piano was used for more soothing, classical harmonies. Love songs usually had at least one part of a piano playing in it. It's a
very calm and smooth sounding instrument. Jazz was a big deal...but so was Blues. Since people were going through the
Great Depression, they had of course a lot of depression and negative feelings, and that's when the Blues came into music.
Without the Great Depression, there wouldn't be Blues. Without Blues, we might not be where we're at now in music (Bowden).Christina_connections_5.jpgChristina_connections_14.jpg
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Jazz and the Blues defiantly reflected on the music that's played today because if it weren't for that soulful music, the music we have today wouldn't really make sense. Songs wouldn't have true meaning, and people would probably write about the simplist things instead of digging deep into their feelings for songs like songs in the 20's did.In music, every little part of music builds on to what we have and what we will have in the future. That's because one type of music builds another
type of music, and it just builds from there. So if there never was that type of music in the 1920's, the music today would
most likely be different. Music affects life, and music builds on all the different kinds of music. Music expresses feelings
and thoughts and life. Music is a big part of life and life might not be the same without it. Go to this link to learn more
about the 1920's: http://library.thinkquest.org/C005846/categories/artliter/artslit.htm
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Many famous dance moves of the 1920's have stood the test of time. They have lasted throughout the decades and represent
a time of happiness and contentment. People danced until day was night, and more until morning again. These eight years of
celebrating might have been what carried Americans through the rough times of the Great Depression. Dance marathons
were the new biggest fad. One actually lasted for three weeks! The radio was a big hit once it was invented, and many people
enjoyed the music while dancing the night away.



Some of the most popular dance moves of the 1920's included the One Step and the Shimmy. New dance moves were
introduced in this time period as well. The Toddle was a newer version of the Foxtrot. The Toddle was a move where
people who flail their arms and legs in the air and "toddled" all the the steps in the Foxtrot. The Waltz was also born in
this decade, as well as the Tango, Baltimore, and the Lindy Hop. StillChristina_connections_8.jpg
others weChristina_connections_2.jpgre the Camel Walk, Turkey Trot, Castle Walk, Quick Step, and Bunny Hop.
The most well-known dance could have been the Charlston, which was introduced in 1923. A very popular activity was to participate in Charlston dance contests, that were held in dance halls and hotels, while some other ballrooms tried to
discourage people into not dancing in this style. Many of those hung up signs, "PCQ" or in other words, Please Charlston Quietly. A famous move in the Charlston was called "Monkey Knees". The popularity of the Charlston inspired choreographers to promote new dances, such as the Black Bottom.





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In 1928, it seemed that life was well for everyone. It was a big break for African Americans because they were finally

accepted into the music world. If that had not happened, some of the best jazz/swing music would have never been heard.
Everyone was happy, and nothing was going wrong. All that changed, only a year later. The high spirits of the early and mid 20's ended in
September of that year. In just a week, the Stock Market crashed. By November of that year, stocks had hit rock bottom, leaving many
Americans to suffer during the upcoming years of the Great Depression. Despite that, the 1920's was overall a very exciting, entertaining time period to live in.













References:





unknown, "HISTORY OF JAZZ." Part 3: Big Band Music and the Swing Era. 2007. Jazzitude. 20 Jan 2009 <http://www.jazzitude.com/histswing.htm

Hoagy Carmicheal, 26 Jan 2009 www.hoagy.com

Louis Armstrong. January 26, 2009,
www.webtech.com

Jazz Age. Retrieved January 26, 2009
,www.d.umn.edu

Guinevere, Lady. "Dance Through the Decades." HubPages. 22 Jan 2009 <http://hubpages.com/hub/Dance-Through-The-Decades---The-20s>.

Skiba, Bob. "Jazz Age Dance." 1920's. 20 Jan 2009 <__http://www.mixedpickles.org/jazzdance.html__>.


Thomas, Bob. "The Origins of Big Band." A History of Big Band Jazz. 1994. 20 Jan 2009 <http://www.redhotjazz.com/bigband.html>.

unknown, "1920's." The Roaring Twenties. 20 Jan 2009 <__http://www.kidsnewsroom.org/elmer/infoCentral/frameset/decade/1920.htm__>.

Unknown, ""The Jazz Age (The 1920." The Roaring Twenties. 27 Jan 2009 <http://library.thinkquest.org/C005846/categories/artliter/artslit.htm>.

Wang, Henru and Chris Gotterba and Jeff Wu, The 1920's Experience. 20 Jan 2009 <__http://www.angelfire.com/co/pscst/__>

unknown '' Jazz Age' www.42explore.com